Palm City Medical Group
Let's get Under your Skin!
The human skin is composed of three main layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutaneous tissue (or subcutis).
The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin. It acts as a barrier that protects the body from external environmental factors, such as UV radiation, pollutants, and bacteria. The epidermis is also responsible for maintaining hydration levels in the skin and regulating the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the skin cells and the bloodstream. It is also contains the melanocytes which produce the pigment melanin, responsible for the color of the skin.
The dermis is the middle layer of the skin. It is composed of dense connective tissue and contains blood vessels, nerve endings, and hair follicles. The dermis provides structural support for the skin and helps to regulate body temperature. It also contains the sebaceous glands which produce sebum, an oily substance that helps to keep the skin moisturized. It also contains the sweat glands which keep the skin temperature regulated.
The subcutaneous tissue is the innermost layer of the skin. It is composed of fat and connective tissue and serves as an energy reserve, insulation, and shock absorber.
The epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue are interconnected and all affect each other. The overall condition of the skin is determined by the health of these layers.
Proper hygiene, healthy diet, avoiding excessive sun exposure, and avoiding smoking are important ways to maintain the health of the skin. It's also important to use skincare products that are appropriate for your skin type, as well as wear sunscreen daily to help protect your skin from UV damage.